Cooperative and Collaborative Learning via Education Scotland
A cooperative learning activity consists of the following five elements:
- Positive Interdependence: When all members feel connected to each other in the accomplishment of a goal. All individuals must succeed so the group can succeed.
- Individual Accountability: Holding every group member responsible to demonstrate the accomplishment of the learning.
- Face-to-face Promotive Interaction: When group members are close in proximity to each other and dialogue with each other in ways that promote continued progress.
- Social Skills: Human interaction skills that enable groups to function effectively (for example, taking turns, encouraging, listening, giving help, clarifying, checking understanding, probing). Such skills enhance communication, trust, leadership, decision making and conflict management.
- Group Processing: When group members assess their collaborative efforts (related to social skills) and target improvements.