Assessment for Learning

Assessment for Learning aims to ensure that students understand the aim of their learning, that they recognise where they are in relation to that aim and that they know how they can work towards that aim.

Five Key Strategies of Assessment for Learning:

• Clarifying and sharing learning intentions and criteria for success
• Engineering effective classroom discussion, questions and learning tasks that elicit evidence of learning
• Providing feedback that moves learners forward
• Activating students as owners of their own learning
• Activating students as instructional resources for one another

Assessment for Learning: Beyond the Black Box

Assessment for Learning – embedding and extending


Cooperative Learning

Cooperative and Collaborative Learning via Education Scotland

A cooperative learning activity consists of the following five elements:

  • Positive Interdependence: When all members feel connected to each other in the accomplishment of a goal. All individuals must succeed so the group can succeed.
  • Individual Accountability: Holding every group member responsible to demonstrate the accomplishment of the learning.
  • Face-to-face Promotive Interaction: When group members are close in proximity to each other and dialogue with each other in ways that promote continued progress.
  • Social Skills: Human interaction skills that enable groups to function effectively (for example, taking turns, encouraging, listening, giving help, clarifying, checking understanding, probing). Such skills enhance communication, trust, leadership, decision making and conflict management.
  • Group Processing: When group members assess their collaborative efforts (related to social skills) and target improvements.


Interdisciplinary Learning

Education Scotland

CfE Briefing 4: Interdisciplinary Learning

Two distinct and complementary approaches:

…learning which is planned to develop awareness and understanding of the connections and differences across subjects or curriculum areas…e.g. probability in mathematics and in biology…

…learning in different subjects or curriculum areas is used to explore a theme or an issue, meet a challenge, solve a problem or complete a final project…learning about Scotland through history and art…